segunda-feira, 9 de abril de 2012

Ronald Greeley, James D. Iversen, "Wind as a Geological Process: On Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan "



Ronald Greeley, James D. Iversen, "Wind as a Geological Process: On Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan " C..dge U-ty Press | 1987 | ISBN: 0521359627 | 348 pages | PDF | 64,4 MB


This book gives an account of geological aspects of windblown material. Aeolian processes play an important role in modifying the surface of the Earth, and they are also active on Mars. Additionally, they are thought to occur on Venus and possibly Titan as well. The authors describe the following aspects: wind as a geological process, the aeolian environment, physics of particle motion, aeolian abrasion and erosion; aeolian sand deposits and bedforms, interaction of wind and topography and windblown dust. A particular strength of the book is that it deals with aeolian processes in a planetary context, rather than as a purely terrestrial phenomenon. In so doing, the authors ably demonstrate how we can gain better understanding of the Earth through comparative planetology. This paperback reissue will enable the book to be used as a text for advanced students in planetary science. Special terms are defined when they are first used. There is a glossary and an exhaustive bibliography.
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The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 2: Folds and Fractures




The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 2: Folds and Fractures
Academic Press; 1 edition | February 11, 1987 | ISBN-10: 0125769229 | 391 pages | PDF | 42.3 Mb

Following the same format as the highly successful Volume 1, Volume 2 applies the principles of deformation to the analysis of folds and fractures. There are 13 sessions, each providing 3 hours of practical work and problems. The problems are well-illustrated with photographs and drawings, and the solutions are discussed in detail. All the sessions are drawn from actual geological examples and are extensively illustrated with photographs taken in the field and with micrographs, giving students a feeling for what actually occurs in nature.

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 3




The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 3
Academic Press; 3rd edition | October 3, 2000 | ISBN-10: 0125769237 | 1061 pages | PDF | 38.1 Mb

Modern Structural Geology, Volume 3 gives a practical introduction to how mathematical tools (continuum mechanics) can be used to model geological structures (i.e., naturally deformed rocks).

It provides a strong emphasis on the application of mathematics to solving real geological problems.

This is the third volume of a highly successful textbook series. It sets out in detail many fundamental and modern research techniques, some for the first time.

It is richly illustrated with photographs and diagrams of naturally deformed rocks. Very few books in the field contain even a fraction of this illustrative material.

Because of the somewhat complex nature of some of the mathematical techniques, computer methods are sometimes needed to formulate solutions to the problems. These programs are fully listed in BASIC language at the end of the relevant Session, and a disk of these programs suitable for MAC and PC hardware is provided.

Modern Structural Geology, Volume 3 is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying structural geology; the secondary market are mechanical and civil engineers wanting a working knowledge of earth sciences; mathematicians wanting to develop practical applications of continuum mechanics.


* Volumes 1 and 2 are best-sellers and widely adopted
* Mathematical modelling programs included on CD-Rom
* Exercises at the end of each chapter
* Superb photography

George H. Davis, "Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, 3rd edition"



George H. Davis, "Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, 3rd edition" W ey | 2011 | ISBN: 0471152315 | 839 pages | PDF | 87,1 MB


Relates the physical and geometric elegance of geologic structures within the Earth's crust and the ways in which these structures reflect the nature and origin of crystal deformation through time. The main thrust is on applications in regional tectonics, exploration geology, active tectonics and geohydrology. Techniques, experiments, and calculations are described in detail, with the purpose of offering active participation and discovery through laboratory and field work.
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Charles Darwin as Geologist: The Rede Lecture, Given at the Darwin Centennial Commemoration on 24 June 1909 By Archibald Geikie


Charles Darwin as Geologist: The Rede Lecture, Given at the Darwin Centennial Commemoration on 24 June 1909 By Archibald Geikie
Publisher: ||C||UP' 2009 | 100 Pages | ISBN: 1108002579 | PDF | 1 MB



During his famous Beagle voyage, Darwin collected rocks, fossils and other geological specimens. No previous geologist had amassed such a detailed set of data. He identified raised beaches and remains of marine organisms high above the sea, understanding their significance as evidence of the uprising of landmasses. He also witnessed an earthquake and volcanic eruptions, concluding that both are related to movements of molten rock deep in the Earth. In this 1909 lecture, Sir Archibald Geikie, then President of the Royal Society, outlines Darwin's geological findings and explains how these underpinned his developing ideas. We learn of Darwin's theory of coral reef formation, and his fascination with the activities of earthworms. Finally the lecture considers the importance of Darwin's geological studies in formulating his theory of evolution by natural selection, leading to his masterpiece On the Origin of Species.

Aspects of Tectonic Faulting By W. van der Zee, F.K. Lehner, J.L. Urai



Aspects of Tectonic Faulting By W. van der Zee, F.K. Lehner, J.L. Urai
Publisher: Sp[ring]er 2000 | 226 Pages | ISBN: 3540657088 | PDF | 6 MB



This book provides an overview of modern approaches to the dynamics of tectonic faulting. The contributions were selected from papers which had been presented at a conference organized on the occasion of Georg Mandl's 70th birthday. The understanding of structural geology and the mechanics of tectonic faulting which was always in the center of his interest was substantially advanced by Mandl's work.
Topics covered are: Particle flow modelling, analog modelling techniques, large-scale tectonic models, onset of faulting above evaporites, dynamic triggering of earthquakes, growth of initially segmented fault zones.

Timescales of Magmatic Processes: From Core to Atmosphere By Anthony Dosseto, Simon P. Turner, James A. Van-Orman



Timescales of Magmatic Processes: From Core to Atmosphere By Anthony Dosseto, Simon P. Turner, James A. Van-Orman
Publisher: W[ile]y-Bla[ckw]ell| 2010 | 272 Pages | ISBN: 1444332619 , 1444332600 | PDF | 25 MB



Quantifying the timescales of current geological processes is critical for constraining the physical mechanisms operating on the Earth today. Since the Earth’s origin 4.55 billion years ago magmatic processes have continued to shape the Earth, producing the major reservoirs that exist today (core, mantle, crust, oceans and atmosphere) and promoting their continued evolution. But key questions remain. When did the core form and how quickly? How are magmas produced in the mantle, and how rapidly do they travel towards the surface? How long do magmas reside in the crust, differentiating and interacting with the host rocks to yield the diverse set of igneous rocks we see today? How fast are volcanic gases such as carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere?
This book addresses these and other questions by reviewing the latest advances in a wide range of Earth Science disciplines: from the measurement of short-lived radionuclides to the study of element diffusion in crystals and numerical modelling of magma behaviour. It will be invaluable reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as igneous petrologists, mineralogists and geochemists involved in the study of igneous rocks and processes.

H.W. Fritz, Andreas Kappler, "Encyclopedia of Geobiology"



H.W. Fritz, Andreas Kappler, "Encyclopedia of Geobiology" Sp.,.er | 2011 | ISBN: 1402092113 | 538 pages | PDF | 39,7 MB


 The interplay between Geology and Biology has shaped the Earth from the early Precambrian, 4 billion years ago. Moving beyond the borders of the classical core disciplines, Geobiology strives to identify chains of cause-and-effect and synergisms between the geo- and the biospheres that have been driving the evolution of life in modern and ancient environments. Combining modern methods, geobiological information can be extracted not only from visible remains of organisms, but also from organic molecules, rock fabrics, minerals, isotopes and other tracers. An understanding of these processes and their signatures reveals enormous applied potentials with respect to issues of environment protection, public health, energy and resource management. The Encyclopedia of Geobiology has been designed to act as a key reference for students, researchers, teachers, and the informed public and to provide basic, but comprehensible knowledge on this rapidly expanding discipline that sits at the interface between modern geo- and biosciences.

 
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"Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy" by Sam Boggs



"Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy" by Sam Boggs
Реаrsоn Рrеntice Наll | 2006 | ISBN: 0131547283 9780131547285 | 676 pages | PDF/djvu | 45/21 MB

A concise treatment of the fundamental principles of sedimentology and stratigraphy, featuring the important physical, chemical, biological and stratigraphic characteristics of sedimentary rocks. Emphasized are the ways in which the study of sedimentary rocks is used to interpret depositional environments, changes in ancient sea level, and other intriguing aspects of Earth history. Topics include the origin and transport of sedimentary materials; physical properties of sedimentary rocks; composition, classification and diagenesis of sedimentary rocks and principles of stratigraphy and basin analysis.

For individuals interested in one text providing comprehensive coverage of both sedimentology and stratigraphy.

Contents
Preface
Introduction
PART I Origin and Transport of Sedimentary Materials
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 SUBAERI ALWEATHERING PROCESSES
1.3 SUBMARINE WEATHERING PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS
1.4 SO ILS
1.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS
2 Transport and Deposition ofSiliciclastic Sediment
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 FUNDAMENTA LS OF FLUID FLOW
2.3 PARTICLE TRANSPORT BY FLUIDS
2.4 PARTICLE TRANSPORT BY SEDIMENT GRAVI TY FLOWS
PART II Physical Properties of Sedimentary Rocks
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 GRAIN SIZE
3.3 PARTICLE SHAPE
3.4 FABRIC
4 Sedimentary Structures
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.2 KINDS OF PRIMARY SEDIMENTARY STRUCTURES
4.3 STRATIFICATION AND BEDFORMS
4.4 BEDDING-P LANE MARKINGS
4.5 OTHER STRUCTURES
4.6 PALEOCURRENT ANALYSIS FROM SEDIMENTARY STRUCTURES
PART III Composition, Classification, and Diagenesis of Sedimentary Rocks
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 SANDSTONES
5.3 CONGLOMERATES
5.4 SHALES (MUDROCKS)
5.5 DIAGENESIS OF SILICICLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
5.6 PROVENANCE SI GNIFICANCE OF MINERAL COMPOSITION
6 Carbonate Sedimentary Rocks
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 CHEMISTRY AND MINERALOGY
6.3 LIMESTONE TEXTURES
6.4 DOLOMITE TEXTURES
6.5 STRUCTURES IN CARBONATE ROCKS
6.6 CLASSIFICATION OF CARBONATE ROCKS
6.7 ORIGIN OF CARBONATE ROCKS
6.8 DIAGENESIS
7 Other Chemical/Biochemical and Carbonaceous Sedimentary Rocks
7.1 INT RODUCTION
7.2 EVAPORITES
7.3 SILICEOUS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS (CHERTS)
7.4 IRON-BEARING SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
7.5 SEDIMENTARY PHOSPHORITES
7.6 CARBONACEOUS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS: COAL, OIL SHALE, BITUMENS
PART IV Depositional Environments
8 Continental (Terrestrial) Environments
8.1 INTRODUCTION
8.2 FLUVIAL SYSTEMS
8.3 EOLIAN DESERT SYSTEMS
8.4 LACUSTRINE SYSTEMS
8.5 GLACIAL SYSTEMS
9 Marginal-Marine Environments
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.2 DELTAIC SYSTEMS
9.3 BEACH AND BARRlER ISLAND SYSTEMS
9.4 ESTUARINE SYSTEMS
9.5 LAGOONAL SY STEMS
9.6 TIDAL-FLAT SYSTEMS
10 Siliciclastic Marine Environments
10.1 INTRODUCTION
10.2 THE SHELF ENVIRONMENT
10.3 THE OCEANIC (DEEP-WATER) ENVIRONMENT
11 Carbonate and Evaporite Environments
11.1 INTRODUCTION
11.2 CARBONATE SHELF (NONREEF ) ENVIRONMEN TS
11.3 SLOPE/B ASIN CARBONATES
11.4 ORGANIC REEF ENVIRONMENTS
11.5 MIXED CARBONATE-SILICICLASTIC SYSTEMS 388
11.6 EVAPORITE ENVIRONMENTS
PART V Stratigraphy and Basin Analysis
12 Lithostratigraphy
12.1 INTRODUCTION
12.2 TYPES OF LITHOSTRATIGRAPHIC UNITS
12.3 STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS
12.4 VERTICAL AND LATERAL SUCCESSIONS OF STRATA
12.5 NOMENCLATURE AND CLASSIFICATION OF LITHOSTRATIGRAPHIC UNITS
12.6 CORRELATION OF LITHOSTRATIGRAPHIC UNITS
13 Seismic, Sequence, and Magnetic Stratigraphy
13.1 INTRODUCTION
13.2 SEISMIC STRATIGRAPHY
13.3 SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY
13.4 MAGNETOSTRATIGRAPHY
14 Biostratigraphy
14.1 INTRODUCTION
14.2 FOSSILS AS A BASIS FOR STRATIGRAPHIC SUBDIVISION
14.3 BIOSTRATIGRAPHIC UNITS
14.4 THE BASIS FOR BIOSTRATIGRAPHIC ZONATION: CHANGES IN ORGANISMS THROUGH TIME
14.5 DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMS IN SPACE: PA LEOBIOGEOGRAPHY
14.6 COMBINED EFFECTS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMS IN TIME AND SPACE
14.7 BIOCORRELATION
15 Chronostratigraphy and Geologic Time
15.1 INTRODUCTION
15.2 GEOLOGIC TIME UNITS
15.3 THE GEOLOGIC TIME SC ALE
15.4 CHRONOCORRELATION
16 Basin Analysis, Tectonics, and Sedimentation
16.1 INTRODUCTION
16.2 MECHANISMS OF BASIN FORMATION (SUBSIDENCE)
16.3 PLATE TECTONICS AND BASINS
16.4 KINDS OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS
16.5 SEDIMENTARY BASIN FILL
16.6 TECHNIQUES OF BASIN ANALYSIS
16.7 APPLICATIONS OF BASIN ANALYSIS
Appendices
Appendix A Form and Roundness ofSedimentary Particles
Appendix 8 Paleothermometry
Appendix C North American Stratigraphic Code
Appendix D Nomenclature of Global and North American Chronostratigraphic Units
Appendix E Web Sites Pertaining to Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
Bibliography
Index




 
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segunda-feira, 26 de março de 2012

The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man: With Remarks on Theories of the Origin of Species by Variation By Charles Lyell




The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man: With Remarks on Theories of the Origin of Species by Variation By Charles Lyell
Publisher: >Cu



Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875) is remembered today as much for his profound influence on the young Charles Darwin as for his own work as a geologist: Darwin read the three volumes of his Principles of Geology (1830-3) as they came out, and was greatly interested in Lyell's theory of the huge effects over geological time of an accumulation of tiny, almost unobservable changes. The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man was published in 1863, and went into three editions in that year alone. The work synthesises the then existing evidence for the earliest humans in Europe and North America and - as indicated by its subtitle, With Remarks on Theories of the Origin of Species by Variation - discusses Darwin's theory and 'the bearing of this hypothesis on the different races of mankind and their connection with other parts of the animal kingdom.'

Principles of Geology, Volume 2: An Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface, by Reference to Causes now in Operation By Charles Lyell



Principles of Geology, Volume 2: An Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface, by Reference to Causes now in Operation By Charles Lyell
Publisher: C-U==P; 2009 | 356 Pages | ISBN: 110800136X | PDF | 9 MB



In 1830-33, Charles Lyell laid the foundations of evolutionary biology with Principles of Geology, a pioneering book that Charles Darwin took with him on the Beagle. Volume 2 (1832) focuses on plants and animals, and consists of 17 chapters, a comprehensive index and woodcut illustrations of various natural habitats Lyell had observed. The author takes issue with the French biologist Lamarck's theory of the transmutation of species, though Darwin in fact later praised other aspects of Lamarck's work. Lyell examines the connections between the Earth's changing crust and the natural history of many species of birds, insects, mammals and fish. He discusses how wild species physically adapt over time to domestication, the diffusion of plants throughout their specific habitats, geographical distributions of certain types of animals, migratory pattern adaptation due to climate change, hybrid plants, species extinction and how organic deposits, such as moss, on emerging land affect species adaptation.

sexta-feira, 30 de dezembro de 2011

"Sedimentary Basins Evolution, Facies, and Sediment Budget" by Gerhard Einsele



"Sedimentary Basins Evolution, Facies, and Sediment Budget" by Gerhard Einsele
Sрringеr | 1992 | ISBN: 3540547436 0387547436 | 632 pages | PDF | 43 MB

This book provides an overview of all major topics in sedimentary geology. It is unique in its quantitative approach to denudation-accumulation systems and basin fillings, including dynamic aspects. The relationship between tectonism and basin evolution as well as the concepts of sequence cycle and event stratigraphy in various depositional environments are extensively discussed. 
 
Numerous, often composite figures, a well-structured text, brief summaries in boxes, and several examples from all continents make the book an invaluable source of information for students, researchers and professors in academia as well as for professionals in the oil industry.

Contents
Part I Types of Sedimentary Basins
1 Basin Classification and Depositlonal Environments
1.l Introduction
1.2 Tectonic Basin Classification
1.3 Pre-, Syn-, and Post-Depositional Basins.
1.4 Basin Morphology and Depositional Environments
Part II Depositional Systems and Facies Models
2 Continental Sediments
2.1 Glacial Deposits of Lowlands and Shallow Seas
2.1.1 Continental Glacial Deposits
2.1.2 Glaciomarinc Sediments
2.2 Fluvial Sediments, Alluvial Fans, and Fan Deltas
2.2.1 Bed Forms, Sedimentary Structures, and Facies Elements
2.2.2 Alluvial Fans and Fan Deltas
2.2.3 Various River Systems and Their Sediments
2.2.4 Large-Scale Lateral and Vertical Evolution of Fluvial Systems
2.3 Eolian Sediments
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Eolian Sands
2.3.4 Clay Dunes
2.3.5 Eolian Dust, Loess
2.4 Volcaniclastic Sediments (Tephra Deposits)
2.4.1 General Aspects and Terms
2.4.2 Tephra Deposits on Land and Below the Sea
2.4.3 Volcaniclastic Sediments in Basins of Various Tectonic Settings
2.4.4 Alteration, Diagenesis, and Metamorphism of Volcaniclastic Rocks
2.5 Lake Sediments
2.5.1 Different Lake Systems and Their Sediments.
2.5.2 Recent and Ancient Examples of Lake Sediments
2.5.3 Specific Features of Lakes and Lake Sediments
3 Coastal and Shallow Sea Sediments (Including Carbonates)
3.1 Beach and Shoreface Sediments
3.1.1 Coastal Processes, Beach and Shoreface Sands
3.1.2 Storms and Storm Deposits (Tempestites)
3.2 Sediments of Tidal Flats and Barrier-Island Complexes
3.2.1 Tidal-Influcnccd Environments and Sediments
3.2.2 Sediments of Barrier-Island Complexes
2.4.1 General Aspects and Terms
2.4.2 Tephra Deposits on Land and Below the Sea
2.4.3 Volcaniclastic Sediments in Basins of Various Tectonic Settings
2.4.4 Alteration, Diagenesis, and Metamorphism of Volcaniclastic Rocks
2.5 Lake Sediments
2.5.1 Different Lake Systems and Their Sediments
2.5.2 Recent and Ancient Examples of Lake Sediments
2.5.3 Specific Features of Lakes and Lake Sediments
3 Coastal and Shallow Sea Sediments (Including Carbonates)
3.1 Beach and Shoreface Sediments
3.1.1 Coastal Processes, Beach and Shoreface Sands
3.1.2 Storms and Storm Deposits (Tempestites)
3.2 Sediments of Tidal Flats and Barrier-Island Complexes
3.2.1 Tidal-Influcnccd Environments and Sediments
3.2.2 Sediments of Barrier-Island Complexes
6 Special Depositional Environments and Sediments
6.1 Green Marine Clays
6.2 Oolitic Ironstones
6.3 Red Beds
6.4 Marine Evaporites
6.4.1 Models for Evaporite Deposition
6.4.2 Sequences. Sedimentary Structures, and Sedimentation Kates
6.4.3 Diagenesis and Geochemical Characteristics of Evaporites
6.4.4 Salt Structures
6.5 Nonactualistic (Precambrian) Depositional Environments
6.5.1 The Evolution of the Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Climate
6.5.2 Precambrian Sediments
7 Depositional Rhythms and Cyclic Sequeaces
7.1 General Aspects.
7.2 Special Features and Examples of Rhythmic Bedding.
7.3 Depositional Cycles in Lakes. Fluvial and Deltaic Systems
7.3.1 Cyclic Sequences in Lakes
7.3.2 Sediment Successions in Fluvial and Deltaic Systems
7.4 Sea Level Changes and Sequence Stratigraphy
7.4.1 General Principles and Terms
7.4.2 Changes in Sea Level and Storm Wave Base in Shallow Basins
6 Special Depositional Environments and Sediments
6.1 Green Marine Clays
6.2 Oolitic Ironstones
6.3 Red Beds
6.4 Marine Evaporites
6.4.1 Models for Evaporite Deposition
6.4.2 Sequences. Sedimentary Structures, and Sedimentation Kates
6.4.3 Diagenesis and Geochemical Characteristics of Evaporites
6.4.4 Salt Structures
6.5 Nonactualistic (Precambrian) Depositional Environments
6.5.1 The Evolution of the Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Climate
6.5.2 Precambrian Sediments
7 Depositional Rhythms and Cyclic Sequeaces
7.1 General Aspects.
7.2 Special Features and Examples of Rhythmic Bedding.
7.3 Depositional Cycles in Lakes. Fluvial and Deltaic Systems
7.3.1 Cyclic Sequences in Lakes
7.3.2 Sediment Successions in Fluvial and Deltaic Systems
7.4 Sea Level Changes and Sequence Stratigraphy
7.4.1 General Principles and Terms
7.4.2 Changes in Sea Level and Storm Wave Base in Shallow Basins
10 Sedimentation Rates and Organic Matter in Various Depositional Environments
10.1 General Aspects
10.2 Average Sedimentation Rates
10.3 Production and Preservation of Organic Matter
10.3.1 General Aspects.
10.3.2 Organic Matter in the Oceans
10.3.3 Organic Matter Preservation and Black Shales
11 The Interplay Between Sediment Supply, Subsidence, and Basin Fill
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Simple Relationships Between Source Area on Land and Basin Fill
11.3 Different Modes of Basin Filling
11.4 Vertical and Lateral Facies Associations (Overview)
Part IV Basin Evolution
12 Basin Evolution and Sediments
12.1 Rift Basins
12.1.1 Rift Structures
12.1.2 Examples of Young Rift Zones
12.1.3 Sediments of Rift Basins
12.1.4 Transition from Rift Basins to Coniinental Margin Basins.
12.2 Coniinental Margin and Slope Basins
12.2.1 General Aspects
12.2.2 Sediment Successions of Continental Margin Basins
12.2.3 Sediment Successions on Continental Slopes
12.3 Intracratonic Basins Associated with Mega-Rifting
12.3.1 Permian to Mesozoic Basin Development in Europe (Overview)
12.3.2 Mesozoic Sediments Between the North Sea and the Western Tethys
12.4 Continental or Intracratonic Sag Basins
12.5 Deep-see Trenches, Forearc and Backarc Basins
12.5.1 General Features
12.5.2 Deep-Sea Trenches
12.5.3 Forearc Basins
12.5.4 Backarc Basins
12.5.5 Preservation and Recognition of Ancient Subduction-Related Basins.
12.6 Remnant and Foreland Basins
12.6.1 Remnant Basins with Flysch
12.6.2 Foreland Basins with Molasse
12.7 Pannonian-Type Basins
12.8 Pull-Apart Basins
12.9 Basin-Type Transitions (Polyhistory Basins)
Part V Diagenesis and Fluid Flow
13 Mechanical and Chemical Diagenesis
13.1 General Aspects of Mechanical and Chemical Diagenesis
13.2 Compaction, Compaction Flow, and Other Flow Mechanisms
13.3 Principles of Chemical Diagenesis
13.4 Thermal History of Sedimentary Basins and the Onset of Metamorphism.
13.5 Special Methods and Processes in Diagenesis
14 Hydrocarbons and Coal
14.1 Source Rocks, Kerogen Types, and Hydrocarbon Potential
14.2 Generation of Hydrocarbons
14.3 Examples of Hydrocarbon Habitats
14.4 Evolution of Coal
References
Subject Index



R. Gloaguen, "Growth and Collapse of the Tibetan Plateau - Special Publication 353 (Geological Society Special Publication)"



R. Gloaguen, "Growth and Collapse of the Tibetan Plateau - Special Publication 353 (Geological Society Special Publication)"
Publisher: Geological Society Of London | 2011 | ISBN: 1862393265 | PDF | 264 pages | 12.2 MB

Despite agreement on first-order features and mechanisms, critical aspects of the origin and evolution of the Tibetan Plateau, such as the exact timing and nature of collision, the initiation of plateau uplift, and the evolution of its height and width, are disputed, untested or unknown. This book gathers papers dealing with the growth and collapse of the Tibetan Plateau. The timing, the underlying mechanisms, their interactions and the induced surface shaping, contributing to the Tibetan Plateau evolution are tightly linked via coupled and feedback processes. We therefore present cross-disciplinary contributions which allow insight into the complex interactions between lithospheric dynamics, topography building, erosion, hydrological processes and atmospheric coupling. The book is structured in four parts: early processes in the plateau formation; recent growth of the Tibetan Plateau; mechanisms of plateau growth; and plateau uplift, surface processes and the monsoon.

The Geological Society of London

Founded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society in the world, and one of the largest publishers in the Earth sciences.

The Society publishes a wide range of high-quality peer-reviewed titles for academics and professionals working in the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable international reputation for the quality of its work.

The many areas in which we publish in include:

-Petroleum geology
-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics
-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology
-Volcanology, magmatic studies and geochemistry
-Remote sensing
-History of geology
-Regional geology guides

B. E. Leake, "Memoir 34 - The Life and Work of Professor J. W. Gregory FRS (1864-1932): Geologist, Writer and Explorer"



B. E. Leake, "Memoir 34 - The Life and Work of Professor J. W. Gregory FRS (1864-1932): Geologist, Writer and Explorer"
Publisher: Geological Society of London | 2011 | ISBN: 1862393230 | PDF | 232 pages | 10.7 MB

Gregory's remarkable career and his scientific work are detailed and critically assessed. Accounts of his heroic 1893 expedition to the Rift Valley (a term he coined) in Kenya (now the Gregory Rift), his first crossing of Spitzbergen, and his resignation as Leader of the first British Antarctic Expedition of 1901, when racing to the Pole under Scott became the priority, draw on unpublished letters. While in Melbourne he published on mining geology and a series of geography textbooks. His 1901 Lake Eyre expedition in Central Australia initiated the phrase 'The Dead Heart of Australia' and controversy over the source of artesian water. In the Chair of Geology in Glasgow from 1904, he built up the largest first-year geology class in the UK, over 400 students. He worked in every field of geology and every continent except Antarctica. He was also involved with the search for a 'homeland' for the Jews in Libya and Angola. He shrewdly realized that Wegener's Continental Drift Theory erroneously supposed that the Pacific Ocean was wider than now before the Atlantic opened. This led to his influential rejection of Continental Drift. He drowned in Peru traversing the Andes having published over 30 books and nearly 400 articles.

The Geological Society of London

Founded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society in the world, and one of the largest publishers in the Earth sciences.

The Society publishes a wide range of high-quality peer-reviewed titles for academics and professionals working in the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable international reputation for the quality of its work.

The many areas in which we publish in include:

-Petroleum geology
-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics
-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology
-Volcanology, magmatic studies and geochemistry
-Remote sensing
-History of geology
-Regional geology guides

Brigitte Markner-Jäger, "Technical English for Geosciences: A Text/Work Book"



Brigitte Markner-Jäger, "Technical English for Geosciences: A Text/Work Book"
Sp,..er | 2008 | ISBN: 3540686142 | 212 pages | PDF | 34 MB

The course book Technical English for Geosciences is a real gold mine for all – most especially students and lecturers – who need to enhance their command of the English language with the terminology of geosciences. Subjects from all branches and disciplines of geosciences are discussed: Applied Geology, Geotechnology/Geoengineering, Mineralogy, Hydrology, Mining and Rehabilitation, Meteorology, and Water and Waste Management – subjects which are closely related to Bachelor’s or Master’s degree studies. Texts are taken from various authentic material including advertisement brochures, scientific monographs or internet sources. Terminology is practiced through multiple tasks and interesting exercises. The book is meant for learning in classes as well as for self-study. A glossary and proposals for solutions are provided at the end of the book.

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Knut Bjorlykke, "Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics"


Knut Bjorlykke, "Petroleum Geoscience: From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics"
Publisher: Springer | ISBN: 3642023312 | edition 2011 | PDF | 508 pages | 32.2 mb

Petroleum geoscience comprises those geoscientific disciplines which are of greatest significance for the exploration and recovery of oil and gas. These include petroleum geology, of which sedimentary geology is the main foundation along with the contextual and modifying principles of regional, tectonic and structural geology. Additionally, biostratigraphy and micropalaeontology, organic geochemistry, and geophysical exploration and production techniques are all important tools for petroleum geoscientists in the 21st century. This comprehensive textbook present an overview of petroleum geoscience for geologists destined for the petroleum industry. It should also be useful for students interested in environmental geology, engineering geology and other aspects of sedimentary geology

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Reed Wicander, James S. Monroe, "Historical Geology, 6 edition"



Reed Wicander, James S. Monroe, "Historical Geology, 6 edition"
Br,,ks C--e | 2009 | ISBN: 0495560073 | 444 pages | PDF | 60,3 MB

HISTORICAL GEOLOGY, Sixth Edition, presents a balanced overview of the geological and biological history of Earth as a continuum of interrelated events that reflect the underlying principles and processes that have shaped our planet. Students are taught the basic geologic principles as well as how scientists apply these principles to unravel Earth's history. Three major themes - time, evolutionary theory, and plate tectonics - are woven together throughout the book to help students link essential material and enhance their understanding of historical geology. The sixth edition has been thoroughly updated to include the formation of the Earth-Moon system, information about the evolution of populations as a whole, and coverage of climate change throughout the text, placing an emphasis on what we don't know within the historical geology field as compared to what we do know.
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quarta-feira, 28 de dezembro de 2011

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences


The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences
Springer; 1 edition | October 18, 1996 | ISBN-10: 3540593489 | 433 pages | PDF | 8.58 MB

This book provides a unique survey of the worldwide database of sequence stratigraphy, reviews the methods for describing sequences and assessing causes of sequence generation, and provides an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms of sequence development. The book reviews the present status of global cycle correlation and the hypothesis of global eustacy, and examines the applications of sequence stratigraphy to studies in practical petroleum geology. Students, lecturers, researchers, and practitioners are provided with a critical, but balanced, appraisal of modern concepts in this rapidly developing and controversial area. Ideas and concepts originating from a wide range of individuals and "schools" of thought are discussed and evaluated. A very extensive bibliography is included.

James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, Richard Hazlett, "Physical Geology: Exploring the Earth, 6 edition "


James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, Richard Hazlett, "Physical Geology: Exploring the Earth, 6 edition "
Br..ks C..le | 2009 | ISBN: 0495011487 | 720 pages | PDF | 106 MB

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EARTH, Sixth Edition, doesn't just explain physical geology and its processes; it places that knowledge within the context of human experience by consistently emphasizing relevance, resources, and the environment. With this edition, the authors seek to answer two central questions, "How does the planet work?" and "Why is this important to know?" By discussing the unifying theory of plate tectonics in detail early in the text, the authors are able to link diverse material by this common thread, providing a global perspective of Earth and allowing students to recognize seemingly unrelated geologic phenomena as a continuum of interrelated events within a complete planetary system. In addition to providing students with an understanding of geology and its processes, the authors consistently demonstrate how geology relates to the human experience. By asking the question "What would you do?" throughout the text, students are encouraged to explore their reactions to particular situations. New "Geology in Your Life" sections address relevant student concerns, particularly in the areas of environment and energy. And a new penultimate chapter on Resources and the Fate of the Earth ties together many of the concepts of particular interest to students. This edition is fully integrated with the online student tutorial system Physical GeologyNow™. Physical GeologyNow uses a series of chapter-specific diagnostic tests to build a personalized learning plan for each student, allowing students to focus their study time on specific areas of weaknesses. Each personalized learning plan directs students to specific chapter sections and concept-driven multimedia tutorials designed to augment their understanding.

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James Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson, Aaron Todd, "Introduction to Physical Science, Revised Edition (12 edition)"


James Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson, Aaron Todd, "Introduction to Physical Science, Revised Edition (12 edition)"
B,..ks C--e | 2009 | ISBN: 0538731877 | 800 pages | PDF | 53,7 MB

An Introduction to Physical Science presents a survey of the physical sciences--physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology--for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a highly descriptive approach, a highly quantitative approach, or anything in between. Time-tested pedagogical tools address the needs of a range of learning styles: concepts to be treated mathematically are consistently introduced from three perspectives (definition, word equation, symbol notation); Confidence Exercises follow in-text Examples, giving students an opportunity for immediate practice and reinforcement; and updated Spotlight On features use figures, photos, or flowcharts to visually summarize important topics. The Twelfth Edition includes new content and features that help students better visualize concepts, master basic math, and practice problem solving. In response to instructor feedback, new end-of-chapter problems appear throughout the text and sections on astronomy have been updated. A dynamic technology package combines course management and testing resources as well as online support for students. The Twelfth Edition is available in both a hardcover version and, at a reduced price, a paperback version, giving students flexible options to meet their needs.

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James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, "The Changing Earth: Exploring Geology and Evolution, 5 edition"


James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, "The Changing Earth: Exploring Geology and Evolution, 5 edition"
B---ks C,le | 2008 | ISBN: 0495554804 | 752 pages | PDF | 101 MB

THE CHANGING EARTH: EXPLORING GEOLOGY AND EVOLUTION is a leader in the Introductory Geology course. The fifth edition's content is based on the best-selling texts PHYSICAL GEOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EARTH and HISTORICAL GEOLOGY: EVOLUTION OF EARTH AND LIFE THROUGH TIME, both written by James S. Monroe and Reed Wicander. Briefer than the previous edition and maintaining a consistent and clear writing style throughout, the text provides balanced coverage of physical and historical geology with engaging, real-life examples that draw you into the material. The fifth edition includes excellent illustrations, photographs, and maps that aid your understanding of this especially visual science. The book design presents the material in easily digestible chapters, with clear delineations between sections and well-placed artwork.

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Rock Magnetism: Fundamentals and Frontiers By David J. Dunlop, Özden Özdemir



Rock Magnetism: Fundamentals and Frontiers By David J. Dunlop, Özden Özdemir
Publisher: C U P 2001 | 595 Pages | ISBN: 0521325145 , 052100098X | DJVU | 6 MB



Rock Magnetism is a comprehensive treatment of fine particle magnetism and the magnetic properties of rocks. Starting from atomic magnetism and magnetostatic principles, the authors explain why domains and micromagnetic structures form in ferromagnetic crystals and how these lead to magnetic memory in the form of thermal, chemical and other remanent magnetizations. The phenomenal stability of these magnetizations, providing a record of plate tectonic motions over millions of years, is explained by thermal activation theory. One chapter is devoted to practical tests of domain state and paleomagnetic stability; another deals with pseudo-single-domain magnetism. The final four chapters place magnetism in the context of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, and extraterrestrial rocks. This book will be of great value to graduate students and researchers in geophysics and geology, particularly in paleomagnetism and rock magnetism, as well as physicists and electrical engineers interested in fine-particle magnetism and magnetic recording.




Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities & Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology by Y. Dilek (Repost)



Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities & Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology by Y. Dilek (Repost)
Publisher: Springer | 2008-08-15 | ISBN: 140208305X | Pages: 348 | PDF | 14.8 MB



Microbial activities influence water-rock interaction processes and chemical transport between the major geochemical reservoirs and the formation/transformation of minerals and rocks, whereas geological processes and geochemical controls influence the microbial ecology in extreme environments. How biological activity influences geological processes and what role these processes played in the geological evolution of the Earth are fundamental questions. How do we recognize the ancient microbial activities in the rock record and what analytical methods do we use to document them to better understand the evolution of life? Can we detect the existence of microbial life in deep time by studying Archaean rocks? Microbial systems in extreme environments and in the deep biosphere may be analogous to potential life on other planetary bodies and hence may be used to investigate the possibilities of extraterrestrial life.


Geology for Engineers, Seventh Edition by F.G.H. Blyth (Repost)



Geology for Engineers, Seventh Edition by F.G.H. Blyth (Repost)
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann | 1984-10-01 | ISBN: 0713128828 | Pages: 336 | PDF | 24.9 MB


No engineering structure can be built on the ground or within it without the influence of geology being experienced by the engineer. Yet geology must remain an ancillary subject to students of engineering and it is therefore essential that their training is supported by a concise, reliable and usable text on the subject of geology and its relationship to engineering. In this book all the fundamental aspects of geology are described and explained, but within the limits thought suitable for engineers.

Thus the structure of the Earth and the operation of its internal processes are described, together with the geological processes that shape and fashion the Earth and produce its rocks and soils. The commonly occurring types of rock and soil, and many types of geological structure and geological maps, are described. Throughout the book care has been taken to focus on the relationship between geology and geomechanics. For this reason emphasis has been placed on the geological processes that bear directly upon the composition, structure and mechanics of soil and rocks, and on the movement of groundwater. The descriptions of geological processes and their products are therefore used as the basis for explaining why it is important to investigate the ground and how the investigations may be conducted at ground level and underground. Specific instruction is provided on the relationship between geology and many common activities undertaken when engineering in rock and soil.


segunda-feira, 26 de dezembro de 2011

A. N. Sial, "Granite-Related Ore Deposits - Special Publication 350"


A. N. Sial, "Granite-Related Ore Deposits - Special Publication 350"
Publisher: Geological Society of London | 2011 | ISBN: 1862393214 | PDF | 192 pages | 7.4 MB

This volume brings together a collection of papers that summarize current ideas and recent progress in the study of granite-related mineralization systems. They provide a combination of field, experimental and theoretical studies. Papers are grouped according to the main granite-related ore systems: granite-pegmatite, skarn and greisen-veins, porphyry, orogenic gold, intrusion-related, epithermal and porphyry-related gold and base metal, iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG), and special case studies. The studies provide a broad spread in terms of both space and time, highlighting granite-related ore deposits from Europe (Russia, Sweden, Croatia and Turkey) , the Middle East (Iran), Asia (Japan and China) and South America (Brazil and Argentina) and spanning rocks from Palaeoproterozoic to Miocene in age.
The Geological Society of London
Founded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society in the world, and one of the largest publishers in the Earth sciences.
The Society publishes a wide range of high-quality peer-reviewed titles for academics and professionals working in the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable international reputation for the quality of its work.
The many areas in which we publish in include:
-Petroleum geology
-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics
-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology
-Volcanology, magmatic studies and geochemistry
-Remote sensing
-History of geology
-Regional geology guides


James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, "The Changing Earth: Exploring Geology and Evolution"


James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander, "The Changing Earth: Exploring Geology and Evolution"
Bro ks C ole | 2005 | ISBN: 0495010200, 0495010219 | 768 pages | PDF | 83,5 MB

THE CHANGING EARTH, a leader in the Introductory Geology course, is the only text specifically written for the combined physical and historical geology course. The Fourth Edition's content is based on the best-selling texts PHYSICAL GEOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EARTH and HISTORICAL GEOLOGY: EVOLUTION OF EARTH AND LIFE THROUGH TIME, both written by James Monroe and Reed Wicander. Briefer than the previous edition and maintaining a consistent and clear writing style throughout, the text provides a balanced coverage of physical and historical geology with engaging, real-life examples that draw students into the material. Examples in the Fourth Edition include new two-page art spreads, new paleogeographic maps, and "Geology in Unexpected Places"-a favorite feature from PHYSICAL GEOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EARTH, Fifth Edition. Known for its competitive and robust ancillary package, the Fourth Edition now features GeologyNow, the first assessment-centered student tutorial technology developed for the Geology market. The seamless integration of GeologyNow with chapter concepts emphasizes the connections between the content and students' own lives, through visual 3-D animations and chapter quizzes, helping students develop a greater appreciation for geology.

Note: some images are not available

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Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (10 Volumes)


Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (10 Volumes)
Publisher: Academic Press | ISBN: 0127641009 | edition 2004 | PDF | 5276 pages | 115 mb

As with the first edition of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science, this second edition is designed to provide a detailed and comprehensive publication covering all facets of the science and practice of analysis. The new work has been extensively revised in terms of the titles and content of the first edition, and includes comprehensive coverage of techniques used for the determination of specific elements, compounds and groups of compounds, in physical or biological matrices. It addresses applications of chemical analysis in all areas, ranging from such topics as medicine to environmental science, and geology to food science. Important characterisation techniques, such as microscopy and surface analysis are also included.




John P. Rafferty, "Geological Sciences (Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks)"



John P. Rafferty, "Geological Sciences (Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks)"
R.sen Education Service | 2011 | ISBN: 1615304959 | 206 pages | PDF | 11,2 MB

Described as craggy, rocky, or glacial, among a host of other descriptors, the Earth's geosphere-that is, its solid foundation-is subject to incredible variation. It is these permutations that inform the study of the geological sciences. This field involves not only the study of rocks, minerals, and landforms, but also that of glaciers, fossils, volcanoes, and other aspects of the Earth's surface. This sweeping volume examines the various branches of the geological sciences, as well as the methods and instruments used by geologists to obtain accurate records of the planet's geological history. Profiles of seminal earth scientists are also included.



Diane Carlson, Charles (Carlos) Plummer, "Physical Geology: Earth Revealed, 9 edition"

Diane Carlson, Charles (Carlos) Plummer, "Physical Geology: Earth Revealed, 9 edition"
McGr aw-H ill | 2010 | ISBN: 0073369403 | 672 pages | PDF | 132 MB

Physical Geology: Earth Revealed is appropriate for introductory physical geology classes. This text, which includes the same information as the market-leading Physical Geology - 13th edition, by Plummer/Carlson, is for the instructor who prefers to cover plate tectonics early in the course.

The ninth edition has been updated to include the most current information from the various sub-disciplines that comprise physical geology. The book’s purpose is to clearly present geologic processes so that students can understand the logic of scientific methods. This text features an outstanding art program and a proven, accessible writing style.

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Frederick K. Lutgens, Edward J. Tarbuck and Dennis Tasa, "Essentials of Geology (11th Edition)"


Frederick K. Lutgens, Edward J. Tarbuck and Dennis Tasa, "Essentials of Geology (11th Edition)"
Pre tice H all | 2011 | ISBN: 0321714725 | 576 pages | PDF | 100 MB

With the renowned readability of the Lutgens/Tarbuck/Tasa team, the Eleventh Edition ofEssentials of Geology continues to enhance both the approach and the visual presentation that has made this text a best-seller. This revision incorporates a new active learning approach throughout each chapter which offers the students a structured learning path and provides a reliable, consistent framework for mastering the chapter concepts. It also includes new additions to the visual program and current issues, such as climate change, are thoroughly updated.

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Jim Reichard, "Environmental Geology"


Jim Reichard, "Environmental Geology"
McGr w-H l | 2010 | ISBN: 0073046809 | 544 pages | PDF | 199 MB

Reichard's Environmental Geology emphasizes human interaction with the environment within a geological context. The writing style holds the interest of nonmajor students, and the text brings applications to the forefront so that students feel a connection to the topic.



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Carla Montgomery, "Environmental Geology, 9th edition"


Carla Montgomery, "Environmental Geology, 9th edition"
McGr w-Hi ll | 2010 | ISBN: 0073524085 | 576 pages | PDF | 102 MB

Environmental Geology, ninth edition, presents the student with a broad overview of environmental geology. The text looks both at how the earth developed into its present condition and where matters seem to be moving for the future. It is hoped that this knowledge will provide the student with a useful foundation for discussing and evaluating specific environmental issues, as well as for developing ideas about how the problems should be solved.


Terry Harrison, "Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context: Volume 2: Fossil Hominins and the Associated Fauna (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology)"


Terry Harrison, "Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context: Volume 2: Fossil Hominins and the Associated Fauna (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology)"
Publisher: Springer | ISBN: 9048199611 | edition 2011 | PDF | 600 pages | 18 mb

This volume 2 and its companion volume 1 present the results of new investigations into the geology, paleontology and paleoecology of the early hominin site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania. The site is one of the most important paleontological and paleoanthropological sites in Africa, worldrenowned for the discovery of fossils of the early hominin Australopithecus afarensis, as well as remarkable trails of its footprints. The first volume provides new evidence on the geology, geochronology, ecology, ecomorphology and taphonomy of the site. The second volume describes newly discovered fossil hominins from Laetoli, belonging to Australopithecus afarensis and Paranthropus aethiopicus, and presents detailed information on the systematics and paleobiology of the diverse associated fauna. Together, these contributions provide one of the most comprehensive accounts of a fossil hominin site, and they offer important new insights into the early stages of human evolution and its context.



J. Murray Roberts, Andrew Wheeler, André Freiwald, Stephen Cairns, "Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats"


J. Murray Roberts, Andrew Wheeler, André Freiwald, Stephen Cairns, "Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats"
Cambridge University Press | 2009-05-25 | ISBN: 0521884853 | 352 pages | PDF | 10,7 MB

There are more coral species in deep, cold-waters than in tropical coral reefs. This broad-ranging treatment is the first to synthesise current understanding of all types of cold-water coral, covering their ecology, biology, palaeontology and geology. Beginning with a history of research in the field, the authors describe the approaches needed to study corals in the deep sea. They consider coral habitats created by stony scleractinian as well as octocoral species. The importance of corals as long-lived geological structures and palaeoclimate archives is discussed, in addition to ways in which they can be conserved. Topic boxes explain unfamiliar concepts, and case studies summarize significant studies, coral habitats or particular conservation measures. Written for professionals and students of marine science, this text is enhanced by an extensive glossary, online resources, and a unique collection of color photographs and illustrations of corals and the habitats they form.

The Geology of Fluvial Deposits: Sedimentary Facies, Basin Analysis, and Petroleum Geology By Andrew D. Miall




The Geology of Fluvial Deposits: Sedimentary Facies, Basin Analysis, and Petroleum Geology By Andrew D. Miall
Publisher: Sp..rin..ger 2007 | 598 Pages | ISBN: 3540591869 | PDF | 23 MB



The Geology of Fluvial Deposits represents the first published synthesis of research on the sedimentary geology of fluvial deposits. It sets out in detail the methods for the field and subsurface study of these sediments, and provides geologists with detailed descriptions of the building blocks of fluvial stratigraphic units, from lithofacies through architectural elements and depositional systems to large-scale stratigraphic sequences and basin-fill complexes. The book contains a new classification of oil and gas fields in fluvial reservoirs, with descriptions of selected case examples. Profusely illustrated and with an extensive reference to the recent literature this textbook will be welcomed by the student and professional alike.



Barry Saltzman - Dynamical Paleoclimatology: Generalized Theory of Global Climate Change


Barry Saltzman - Dynamical Paleoclimatology: Generalized Theory of Global Climate Change
Publisher: Acаdemic Prеss | 2001-11-02 | ISBN: 0126173311 | PDF | 354 pages | 20.51 MB

The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate.
Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references.
Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology
This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution
The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references
 



Keith Thomson, "Fossils: A Very Short Introduction"


Keith Thomson, "Fossils: A Very Short Introduction"
Oxford University Press, USA | 2005-12-15 | ISBN: 0192805045 | 160 pages | PDF | 3 MB

Fossils have been vital to our understanding of the formation of the earth and the origins of life. However, their impact has not been limited to debates about geology and evolution: attempts to explain their existence has shaken religion at its very roots, and they have remained a subject of ceaseless fascination for people of all ages and backgrounds. In this readable and wide-ranging book, Keith Thomson provides a remarkably all-encompassing explanation of fossils as a phenomenon. How did Darwin use fossils to support his theory of evolution? What are "living fossils"? What fossils will we leave behind for future generations to examine? Beyond the scientific aspects, Thomson highlights the impact of fossils on philosophy and mythology, our concept of time, and today's popular culture. From the black market to the Piltdown Man, and from mythological dragons to living dinosaurs, fossils hold a permanent place in the popular imagination.





David E. Fastovsky, David B. Weishampel, "The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs, 2nd Edition"


David E. Fastovsky, David B. Weishampel, "The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs, 2nd Edition"
Cambridge University Press | 2005-02-07 | ISBN: 0521811724 | 500 pages | PDF | 81,3 MB

Written for non-specialists, this detailed survey of dinosaur origins, diversity, and extinction is designed as a series of successive essays covering important and timely topics in dinosaur paleobiology, such as "warm-bloodedness," birds as living dinosaurs, the new, non-flying feathered dinosaurs, dinosaur functional morphology, and cladistic methods in systematics. Its explicitly phylogenetic approach to the group is that taken by dinosaur specialists. The book is not an edited compilation of the works of many individuals, but a unique, cohesive perspective on Dinosauria. Lavishly illustrated with hundreds of new, specially commissioned illustrations by John Sibbick, world-famous illustrator of dinosaurs, the volume includes multi-page drawings as well as sketches and diagrams. First edition Hb (1996): 0-521-44496-9 David E. Fastovsky is Professor of Geosciences at the University of Rhode Island. Fastovsky, the author of numerous scientific publications dealing with Mesozoic vertebrate faunas and their ancient environments, is also scientific co-Editor of Geology. He has undertaken extensive fieldwork studying dinosaurs and their environments in Montana, North Dakota, Arizona, Mexico, and Mongolia. David B. Weishampel is a professor at the Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution at Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine. Weishampel is best known for discovering, researching, and naming several rare European dinosaur species. During the 1980s Weishampel gained fame for his work with American paleontologist Jack Horner and later named the famous plant-eating, egg-laying Orodromeus, Horner. Now, a decade after his pioneering studies with Horner, Weishampel is most widely known for his current work on the Romanian dinosaur fauna. He is the author and co-author of many titles, including The Dinosaur Papers, 1676-1906 (Norton, 2003); The Dinosauria, (University of California, 1990); and Dinosaurs of the East Coast, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).