quarta-feira, 21 de outubro de 2009

Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology (Topics in Geobiology)

Shuhai Xiao, Alan J. Kaufman, "Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology (Topics in Geobiology)"
Springer 2007-12 ISBN: 1402052014 300 pages PDF 22,1 MB

The Neoproterozoic Era (1000–542 million years ago) has become a major focus of geobiological investigations because it is a geological period characterized by dramatic climatic change and important evolutionary innovations. Repeated glaciations of unusual magnitude occurred throughout this tumultuous interval, and various eukaryotic clades independently achieved multicellularity, becoming more complex, abundant, and diverse at its termination. Animals made their first debut in the Neoproterozoic too.

This volume presents a sample of views and visions among some of the growing numbers of Neoproterozoic workers. It includes a set of multidisciplinary reviews on the Neoproterozoic fossil record (animals, algae, acritarchs, protists, and trace fossils), evolutionary developmental biology of animals, molecular clock estimates of phylogenetic divergences, and Neoproterozoic chemostratigraphy and sedimentary geology. These topics are of continuing interest to geoscientists and bioscientists who are intrigued by the deep history of the Earth and its inhabitants.



Stratigraphic reservoir characterization for petroleum geologists, geophysicists, and engineers

Roger M. Slatt. "Stratigraphic reservoir characterization for petroleum geologists, geophysicists, and engineers"
Handbook of Petroleum Exploration and Production, Volume 6
Elsevier Science | 2007 | ISBN: 0444528180 | 493 pages | PDF | 18 Mb

Reservoir characterization as a discipline grew out of the recognition that more oil and gas could be extracted from reservoirs if the geology of the reservoir was understood. Prior to that awakening, reservoir development and production were the realm of the petroleum engineer. In fact, geologists of that time would have felt slighted if asked by corporate management to move from an exciting exploration assignment to a more mundane assignment working with an engineer to improve a reservoir's performance.
Slowly, reservoir characterization came into its own as a quantitative, multidisciplinary endeavor requiring a vast array of skills and knowledge sets. Perhaps the biggest attractor to becoming a reservoir geologist was the advent of fast computing, followed by visualization programs and theaters, all of which allow young geoscientists to practice their computing skills in a highly technical work environment. Also, the discipline grew in parallel with the evolution of data integration and the advent of asset teams in the petroleum industry. Finally, reservoir characterization flourished with the quantum improvements that have occurred in geophysical acquisition and processing techniques and that allow geophysicists to image internal reservoir complexities.

Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens

Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens
Publisher: Springer | ISBN: 0387238689 | edition 2005 | PDF | 348 pages | 9,7 mb

The eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 18, 1980, had a momentous impact on the fungal, plant, animal, and human life from the mountain to the far reaches of the explosion's ash cloud and mudflows. Although this intense natural event caused loss of substantial life and property, it also created a unique opportunity to examine a huge disturbance of natural systems and their subsequent responses. Based on one of the most studied areas of volcanic activity, Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens synthesizes the ecological research that has been conducted for twenty-five years since the eruption.

Research from geology as well as plant and animal ecology has been integrated in this unprecedented look at the complex interactions of biological and physical systems in the response of the volcanic landscape. Lessons from the volcano inform our larger understanding of ecosystem disturbances, natural processes, and the impact of land-use practices. Included are results of significant and long-term research on vegetation, mycorrhizae, plant and animal interactions, arthropods, amphibians, mammals, fish, lakes, nutrient cycling, geomorphology, and environmental management. This comprehensive account will be of value to those interested in natural history, ecology, disturbance, conservation biology, limnology, geoscience, and land management. Questions about what actually happens when a volcano erupts, what the immediate and long-term dangers are, and how life reasserts itself in the environment are discussed in full detail.

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Language of the Earth: A Literary Anthology, 2nd edition

Frank H. T. Rhodes, Richard O. Stone, Bruce D. Malamud, "Language of the Earth: A Literary Anthology, 2nd edition"
Wiley-Blackwell | 2008-05-19 | ISBN: 1405160675 | 344 pages | PDF | 2,1 MB

Man’s complex relationship to planet Earth is explored in this second edition of the landmark anthology edited by Frank Rhodes and Bruce Malamud. This volume provides a portrait of the planet as experienced not just by scientists, but by artists, aviators, poets, philosophers, novelists, historians, and sociologists as well.

# A unique collection that bridges the gap between science and humanities

# Contains writings by scientists, artists, aviators, poets, philosophers, novelists, historians, and sociologists including Charles Darwin, Dane Picard, Rachel Carson, John Muir, Mark Twain and Archibald Geikie

# Represents the human experience over the centuries, covering a span of 2,500 years

# Reflects the planet’s extraordinary physical diversity

# The previous edition was voted one of the 25 ‘Great Books of Geology’ by readers of the Journal of Geological Education

Enjoy this great book! Brought to you by SMIRK




Studies of Cave Sediments: Physical and Chemical Records of Paleoclimate

Studies of Cave Sediments: Physical and Chemical Records of Paleoclimate
Springer | 329 pages | 2007 | ISBN: 1402053266 | PDF | 31 mb

Caves serve as unique repositories for geologic, biologic, and anthropologic information. The sediments within these natural cavities are incredibly diverse. They include secondary minerals such as calcite and gypsum, which occur in sundry forms, as well as allogenic and autogenic clasts. This book is for any geoscience researcher or student with interests in climate change, paleohydrology, karst geology, and sedimentology. Studies of Cave Sediments is the first comprehensive volume on cave sediments. It provides case-studies from around the world, gives guidance on appropriate applications of techniques, and their limitations, synthesizes methods that can be used to decipher complex deposits, and includes chemical deposits (speleothems) as well as clastic sediments.


Furnace of Creation, Cradle of Destruction: A Journey to the Birthplace of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis

Roy Chester PhD, "Furnace of Creation, Cradle of Destruction: A Journey to the Birthplace of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis"
AMACOM | 2008-07-16 | ISBN: 0814409202 | 256 pages | PDF | 2,5 MB

Over the past few years, devastating tsunamis off the coast of the Indian Ocean have killed hundreds of thousands of people. Even more alarmingly, scientists predict that these tsunamis, as well as a series of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, may eventually threaten Hawaii, California, and Oregon. The cause of this trinity of natural disasters is plate tectonics. Perhaps the greatest advance made in the field of earth science, the plate-tectonics theory argues that the surface of the Earth is broken into large plates, which change in size and position over time. The edges of these plates rub against each other, causing earthquakes, volca­noes, and tsunamis that continue to inflict such intense destruction to the surface our planet. In Furnace of Creation, Cradle of Destruction, renowned scientist Roy Chester reveals the fascinating history of this discovery and tells the enigmatic story of one of the great mysteries of our time: how the surface of our planet was created and how it has evolved. From the early discoveries of Sir Francis Bacon to the begin­nings of geology and the controversy surrounding the theory of conti­nental drift, this impeccably researched book reveals the evolution of a vital sci­en­ti­fic theory. Lucid and compelling, this book offers a long-awaited explanation of the under­ly­ing forces that shape our world.


An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals: Seeking Clues to the Earth's Past

Jon Erickson - An Introduction to Fossils and Minerals: Seeking Clues to the Earth's Past
Facts on File | 2000 | ISBN: 0816042365 | Pages: 272 | PDF | 13.0 MB

The study of fossils, minerals, and gems has played crucial roles in increasing our knowledge about the Earth, the changes the planet has gone through, and the species that have inhabited it. This volume introduces the fascinating disciplines of geology, paleontology, and mineralogy, and how they reveal secrets of the Earth's history.

Coverage includes:
a systematic treatment of Earth history, rock types, marine fossils, terrestrial fossils, crystals, gems, and precious metals that provide insights into Earth's character; the most current data available on such topics as global tectonics and faunal extinctions, including a wealth of information about the demise of dinosaurs; new technologies in detecting and preserving rocks and minerals; and the effects of erosion and climate changes.