quinta-feira, 17 de fevereiro de 2011

The Earth's Magnetism: An Introduction for Geologists

Roberto Lanza, "The Earth's Magnetism: An Introduction for Geologists"
Springer; 1 edition (2006) | ISBN:3540279792 | 278 pages | PDF | 8 Mb

Initially, this book reviews the general characteristics of the Earth’s magnetic field and the magnetic properties of minerals, and then proceeds to introduce the multifold applications of geomagnetism in earth sciences. The authors analyze the contribution of geomagnetism both in more general geological fields, such as tectonics and geodynamics, and in applied ones, such as prospecting and pollution. Primarily, the book is aimed at undergraduate geology or geophysics students. It is geared to provide them with a general overview of geomagnetism, allowing them to understand what contributions this branch of science can offer in the more special sectors of earth sciences. Graduate students and geology researchers will also benefit from it, as it enables them to gain a clear and concise image of the techniques which can be applied in their areas of specialization.

Dictionary of Gems and Gemology

Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai, “Dictionary of Gems and Gemology”
Springer | 2008-11-24 | ISBN: 3540727957 | 1035 pages | PDF | 169 MB

The rapid growth of gemological sciences and mineralogy requires a comprehensive dictionary for gemologists, mineralogists, geologists, jewel dealers, industry, and hobbyists. The third edition of this dictionary contains about 29,000 entries – about 4,000 more than the second edition. The comprehensive definitions are now completed by more than 1,500 charts, diagrams and figures. The author offers a one-stop reference to any matter dealing with gems and gemology.
Review of the 1st edition, published in the March 2001 issue of CHOICE
“Detailed and highly technical, this work provides encyclopedic coverage of terms, techniques, places, and people related to gems and gemology. Each entry includes scientific and historical information, often illuminated by a line drawing. The volume’s strength lies in its comprehensive scope; it treats all aspects of gemology beginning with the gems themselves, elaborates on technical methods and procedures, explicates professional terminology, and identifies individuals and associated groups. Supplementing the text, 21 tables contain such relevant information as atomic weights, light spectrum, and geological timetables. Given its useful format and comprehensiveness, the book will serve as an invaluable reference source for practitioners and serious scholars in the field.” L. Doumato, National Gallery of Art

Part 1

Part 2

The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs

Fastovsky, Weishampel - The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs.
Cambridge University Press | 2005 | ISBN: 0521811724 | 498 pages | PDF | 76.2 MB

This new edition of The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs is a unique, comprehensive treatment of this fascinating group of organisms.
It is a detailed survey of dinosaur origins, their diversity, and their eventual extinction.
The book can easily be used as a teaching textbook for a class, but it is also written as a series of readable, entertaining essays covering important and timely topics appealing to non-specialists and all dinosaur enthusiasts: birds as ‘living dinosaurs’, the new feathered dinosaurs from China, ‘warm-bloodedness’.
Along the way, the reader learns about dinosaur functional morphology, physiology, and systematics using cladistic methodology - in short, how professional paleontologists and dinosaur experts go about their work, and why they find it so rewarding.
The book is spectacularly illustrated by John Sibbick, a world-famous illustrator of dinosaurs, commissioned exclusively for this book.
This is a comprehensive student textbook on dinosaurs that non-specialists will also find fascinating.
The geological context of dinosaurs is also stressed, and dinosaurs are presented in the context of contemporary plate tectonic and climatic settings.

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences, Second Edition

Andrew D. Miall The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences, Second Edition
Springer | 2010 | ISBN : 3642050263 | 864 pages | PDF | 27,7 MB

It has been more than a decade since the appearance of the First Edition of this book. Much progress has been made, but some controversies remain. The original ideas of Sloss and of Vail (building on the early work of Blackwelder, Grabau, Ulrich, Levorsen and others) that the stratigraphic record could be subdivided into sequences, and that these sequences store essential information about basin-forming and subsidence processes, remains as powerful an idea as when it was first formulated. The definition and mapping of sequences has become a standard part of the basin analysis process. The main purpose of this book remains the same as it was for the first edition, that is, to situate sequences within the broader context of geological processes, and to answer the question: why do sequences form? Geoscientists might thereby be better equipped to extract the maximum information from the record of sequences in a given basin or region. Tectonic, climatic and other mechanisms are the generating mechanisms for sequences ranging over a wide range of times scales, from hundreds of millions of years to the high-frequency sequences formed by cyclic processes lasting a few tens of thousands of years

terça-feira, 15 de fevereiro de 2011

Petrography of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks

Petrography of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks
By Anthony R. Philpotts

Publisher: Waveland Pr Inc | 2003 | 192 Pages | ISBN: 1577662954 | PDF | 20.47 MB

This comprehensive laboratory manual teaches students taking their first course in petrography the techniques of describing and classifying rocks as well as how to apply those techniques to common igneous and metamorphic rocks. Essential features include: a listing of common minerals with their most important distinguishing optical properties; over two hundred illustrations detailing the relation between optics and crystal morphology; an accompanying CD-ROM with color slides illustrating rock-forming minerals and the textures of rocks, many with text and audio annotations by the author; descriptions of the textures and structures of igneous and metamorphic rocks; the most important properties of all the minerals compiled in an easy-to-access, full-color table; and a chart for determining the approximate modal (volume) percentage of minerals in rocks. The classification of igneous rocks used in the book is the one proposed by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) Subcommission of the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. A list of commonly used rock names--many not part of the IUGS classification--is keyed to this classification. Also, the widely used Irvine- Baragar classification of volcanic rocks is included. Dr. Philpotts has organized a large amount of information to be easily and rapidly accessible. He provides students with a concrete foundation, giving them experience and confidence as they encounter the field of petrography.

New Aspects of Mesozoic Biodiversity

New Aspects of Mesozoic Biodiversity
Springer | 2010-07-29 | ISBN: 3642103103 | 185 pages | PDF | 2 MB

The proposed book is an edited volume which contains a thematic set of seven novel papers on contemporary issues of fossil vertebrates that includes new insights of tetrapod evolution during Palaeozoic and Mesozoic eras, discovery of new vertebrate fossils including dinosaur from different continents, new information on palaeo-osteohistology and palaeobiogeography of the Indian plate during the end Mesozoic. All the seven papers of the proposed book are extremely significant in the present milieu of interdisciplinary research in areas covering vertebrate palaeontology, palaeobiology, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography. This book will give a glimpse of the present day state of the art knowledge of these branches of science. The papers of the proposed book are the results of pioneering researches of the concerned scientists who have excellently presented their ideas/views and new discoveries in their contributions making this book intellectually attractive to the researchers in these fields all over the world. The problems and issues addressed in these papers are of general interest, so this book will not only attract the vertebrate palaeontologists but will also arouse interest of the researchers and professionals dealing with evolutionary biology and biodiversity.

Out of seven papers of the proposed book, the first paper offers most valuable information on the recent major advances in palaeobiological researches on Palaeozoic-Mesozoic vertebrates and includes information on new discoveries filling the gaps in the evolution of higher taxa, application of new techniques such as molecular palaeontology, CT scanning of fossil bones and development of new concepts generating novel hypotheses. In the second paper/chapter a brilliant analysis is made on the evolution, diversification and extinction of the reptilian group, Lepidosauria, with its two major components, Rhynchocephalia and Squamata, since its appearance in the Triassic till today. One of the keystones in the evolutionary history of vertebrates is the new information provided by the discoveries of the new vertebrate fossils from different parts of the world. There are two such papers; one of them includes description of the earliest pterosaur of the world discovered from the Triassic sediments of Brazil while another paper is on the recovery and description of a new abelisaurid dinosaur from India. In the field of vertebrate palaeontology study of bone microstructure is a recent challenging development, which provides substantial information on the palaeobiology of the fossil animals. In one of the papers, the authors described the bone microstructure of a Triassic kannemeyeriid dicynodont from India and deciphered rapid osteogenesis and overall fast growth of the taxon with three distinct ontogenic stages. The penultimate paper/chapter deals with the Late Mesozoic Indian biota, their endemism, cosmopolitanism and evolution in the background of end Cretaceous mass extinction event as well as the extensive Deccan basalt eruption while the last paper/chapter compiles latest information on the tectonic evolution of the Indian plate with its biogeography during the Cretaceous-Tertiary period testing the models of geodispersal and vicariance.

This book will generate interest to professionals, researchers, teachers and graduate students of vertebrate palaeontology, geology and zoology of all the Universities as well as the researchers associated with the Natural History Museums located in different parts of the world. Besides, the academic or professional societies such as Geological Society of London, Palaeontological Association, UK; Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, USA; Palaeontological Society of India, Palaeontological Association, France; Palaeontological Society of China, Palaeontological Association of Australasia will also be interested to keep a copy.

The Concise Geologic Time Scale

The Concise Geologic Time Scale
Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (September 29, 2008) | ISBN: 0521898498 | 184 pages | PDF | 35 MB

This concise handbook presents a summary of Earth's history over the past 4.5 billion years as well as a brief overview of contemporaneous events on the Moon, Mars and Venus. The authors have been at the forefront of
chronostratigraphic research and initiatives to create an international geologic time scale for many years, and the charts in this book present the most up to date, international standard, as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. This book is an essential reference for all geoscientists, including researchers, students, and petroleum and mining professionals. The presentation is non-technical and illustrated with numerous colour charts, maps and photographs. The book also includes a detachable laminated card of the complete time scale for use as a handy reference in the office, laboratory or field.

Carbonate Platform Systems: Components and Interactions

Carbonate Platform Systems: Components and Interactions By E. Insalaco, P. W. Skelton, T. J. Palmer
Publisher: Geolo gical Soci ety of London 2001 | 240 Pages | ISBN: 1862390746 | PDF | 26 MB

Carbonate Platform Systems: components and interactions is a collection of 13 papers, plus an introduction, concerning the effects of organism-environment interactions in modern and ancient carbonate platforms, arising from the Lyell Meeting on 'Organism-Environment Feedbacks in Carbonate Platforms and Reefs' held at the Geological Society, UK. The papers presented here provide an integrated view of carbonate platforms, emphasizing dynamic interactions at all hierarchical levels and revealing the limitations of uniformitarian analogy in biotically influenced sedimentary systems. Selected case studies from around the world illustrate aspects ranging from the genesis of growth fabrics to changing patterns of carbonate platform development. The text will be of interest to sedimentologists, palaeontologists and marine ecologists alike.
Readership: Sedimentologists, Palaeontologists, Marine Ecologists, Petroleum Exploration & Production Geologists and Marine Environmental Conservationists.

Dictionary of Earth Sciences, 3 edition

Michael Allaby, "Dictionary of Earth Sciences, 3 edition"
O..rd U.ty Press, USA | 2008 | ISBN: 0199211949 | 672 pages | PDF | 5,3 MB

This leading dictionary--now in its third edition--offers wide-ranging and authoritative coverage of the earth sciences and related topics. In more than 6,250 clear and accessible entries, it covers geology, oceanography, paleontology, mineralogy, volcanology, and planetary science as well as climatology, geochemistry, and petrology. The third edition is fully updated and includes additional coverage of process geomorphology and physical geography, plus more than 50 new line drawings to accompany descriptions of forms and processes. The new edition also features web links accessed via a companion website, featuring additional information that is regularly updated to ensure that it stays fresh. Finally, the book has a revised bibliography and a number of appendices that include a revised geological time scale, stratigraphic units, lunar and Martian time scales, wind-strength scales, and SI units. It is an essential reference for students of geography, geology, and earth sciences and in related disciplines.


Radiogenic Isotopes in Geologic Processes (repost)

Sergei V. Rasskazov, Sergei B. Brandt, and Ivan S. Brandt "Radiogenic Isotopes in Geologic Processes"
Publisher: Springer | ISBN: 9048129982 | edition 2009 | PDF | 306 pages | 2.8 mb

This book presents a modern approach of radiogenic isotope methods for solutions on problems in theoretical and practical geology. New approaches on thermochronology are of particular interest. Results on age measurements for timing of the Earth’s formation, main stages in evolution of biota in the Phanerozoic, and the most important tectonic and magmatic events in the Late Mesozoic through the Cenozoic of Central and East Asia, the western margin of North America, and Northeastern Africa are discussed. Systematics of magmatic sources in terms of isotope geochemistry in continents and ocean-continent transition zones are covered. Formal mathematical considerations on radiogenic isotope geology that are presented in a simple way with numerical examples and tables that can be used for solutions of theoretical problems on the origin and evolution of the Earth as well as for correct selection of material in regional geochronological studies and dating of individual geological objects.

Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry

Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry By Donald Langmuir
Publisher: Pren tice H a l l 1997 | 600 Pages | ISBN: 0023674121 | PDF | 27 MB

Langmuir provides a thorough presentation of natural chemical concentrations, systems and processes to help readers (1) understand controls on the chemical quality of surface and subsurface waters, and (2) distinguish between the natural and the anthropogenic. Unlike most authors, whose civil/sanitary engineering backgrounds promote a more aquatic chemistry perspective, LangmuirUs geology/geochemistry experience focuses coverage on the chemical interactions between water and geological materials. The book provides valuable training in using in the geochemical computer code MINTEQA2 as an integral problem-solving tool.