segunda-feira, 15 de fevereiro de 2010

Geochemical and Tectonic Evolution of Arc-Backarc Hydrothermal Systems

N. Shikazono, "Geochemical and Tectonic Evolution of Arc-Backarc Hydrothermal Systems: Implication for the Origin of Kuroko and Epithermal Vein-Type Mineralizations and ... Cycle"
Elsevier Science | 2003 | ISBN: 0444511504 | 466 pages | PDF | 21,1 MB

Many Neogene hydrothermal ore deposits have been formed on and near the Japanese islands from the middle Miocene to the present day and today many subaerial and submarine active geothermal systems are active.

This book summarizes the geochemical and tectonic features, and the evolution of various types of ore deposits and current island arc and backarc hydrothermal systems in Japan starting with the Mesozoic.

Applications of X-ray Computed Tomography in the Geosciences

Geological Society Publications, "Applications of X-ray Computed Tomography in the Geosciences (Geological Society Special Publication) (No. 215)"
Geological Society of London (January 1, 2003) | English | 1862391394 | 243 pages | PDF | 23.17 MB

X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a technique that allows non-destructive imaging and quantification of internal features of objects. It was originally developed as a medical imaging technique, but it is now also becoming widely used for the study of materials in engineering and the geosciences. X-ray CT reveals differences in density and atomic composition and can therefore be used for the study of porosity, the relative distribution of contrasting solid phases and the penetration of injected solutions. As a non-destructive technique, it is ideally suited for monitoring of processes, such as the movement of solutions and the behaviour of materials under compression. Because large numbers of parallel two-dimensional cross-sections can be obtained, three-dimensional representations of selected features can be created. In this book, various applications of X-ray CT in the geosciences are illustrated by papers covering a wide range of disciplines, including petrology, soil science, petroleum geology, geomechanics and sedimentology.

Theoretical Geochemistry

Theoretical Geochemistry: Applications of Quantum Mechanics in the Earth and Mineral Sciences
By John A. Tossell, David J. Vaughan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA | 528 pages | 1992-03-19 | ISBN: 0195044037 | English | PDF | 20.57 MB

This work is based on the observation that further major advances in geochemistry, particularly in understanding the rules that govern the ways in which elements come together to form minerals and rocks, will require the application of the theories of quantum mechanics. The book therefore outlines this theoretical background and discusses the models used to describe bonding in geochemical systems. It is the first book to describe and critically review the application of quantum mechanical theories to minerals and geochemical systems. The book consolidates valuable findings from chemistry and materials science as well as mineralogy and geochemistry, and the presentation has relevance to professionals in a wide range of disciplines. Experimental techniques are surveyed, but the emphasis is on applying theoretical tools to various groups of minerals: the oxides, silicates, carbonates, borates, and sulfides. Other topics dealt with in depth include structure, stereochemistry, bond strengths and stabilities of minerals, various physical properties, and the overall geochemical distribution of the elements.


Dutch Pioneers in Earth Sciences

Robert P. W. Visser, Jacques L. R. Touret "Dutch Pioneers in Earth Sciences"
Edita-the Publishing House of the Royal | 2004-08-16 | ISBN : 9069843897 | Pages: 200 | PDF | 5.91 MB

The papers collected in this volume, given at a Dutch history of science symposium, present a historical survey of Dutch contributions to earth science. Topics covered include: the pioneering stratigraphic studies of the eighteenth-century naturalist Francq van Berkhey; the 1863 geology lectures of Staring and his geological map of the Netherlands; the Maastricht Cretaceous finds in the emergence of Dutch vertebrate palaeontology; and the founding of ground water hydrology in the Netherlands.

geoENV VI Geostatistics for Environmental Applications

geoENV VI Geostatistics for Environmental Applications (Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics)
Publisher: Springer | ISBN: 1402064470 | edition 2008 | PDF | 512 pages | 10,7 mb

This volume contains ca. 40 selected full-text contributions from the Sixth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, geoENV IV, held in Rhodes, Greece. October 25-26, 2006. The objective of the editors was to compile a set of papers from which the reader could perceive how geostatistics is applied within theenvironmental sciences. A few selected theoretical contributions are also included.

Fluid Physics in Geology

"Fluid Physics in Geology. An Introduction to Fluid Motions on Earth's Surface and within Its Crus" by David Jon Furbish
Oxford University Press | 1996 | ISBN: 0195077016 | 498 pages | PDF | 25 Mb

The book is aimed at those interested in understanding fluid behavior and motion in the context of a wide variety of geological problems. Helpful example problems following each chapter illustrate applications of the material to realistic problems involving groundwater flows, magma dynamics, open-channel flows, and thermal convection.

Fluid Physics in Geology provides an introductory treatment of the physical and dynamical behavior of fluids, considering first how fluids behave in a general way, then looking more specifically at how they are involved in certain geological processes.

Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals

Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals: An Introduction (Geoscience Texts)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell | ISBN: 0632029536 | edition 1993 | PDF | 400 pages | 33,4 mb

Much new data and many new ideas have emerged in the area of ore geology and industrial minerals since publication of the second edition of this text in 1987. The overriding philosophy behind this new edition is the inclusion and integration of this new material within the established framework of the text. The third edition is re-presented in the modern double-column format.

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Dictionary of Geology & Mineralogy

Dictionary of Geology & Mineralogy, Second Edition
Publisher: McGraw-Hill | 420 pages | January 27, 2003 | ISBN 0071410449 | PDF | 4 MB

Early Palaeozoic Peri-Gondwana Terranes: New Insights from Tectonics and Biogeography

M. G. Bassett, "Early Palaeozoic Peri-Gondwana Terranes: New Insights from Tectonics and Biogeography"
Geological Society of London | 2009 | ISBN: 1862392862 | 288 pages | PDF | 11,9 MB

Following the late Neoproterozoic - early Cambrian breakup of the supercontinent Rodinia, Gondwana evolved as one of the principal continental masses on Earth, embracing most of South America, Africa, Australasia, Antarctica, much of western Europe and parts of Asia. Around its margins were various other terranes that had varying tectonic and biogeographical affinities with the main continental block. This book incorporates a series of reviews and multidisciplinary research papers that together explore the tectonic, palaeogeographical and palaeobiogeographical evolution of the elements that made up the peri-Gondwanan collage. The stratigraphical scope of the coverage embraces the late Precambrian through early Devonian, providing a comprehensive overview of structural, stratigraphical and biological evolution through this significant interval of Earth history. Integration of these various processes throughout the volume will be of broad-based interest to a wide range of geoscientists.

The Geological Society of London

Founded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society in the world, and one of the largest publishers in the Earth sciences.

The Society publishes a wide range of high-quality peer-reviewed titles for academics and professionals working in the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable international reputation for the quality of its work.

The many areas in which we publish in include:

-Petroleum geology
-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics
-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology
-Volcanology, magmatic studies and geochemistry
-Remote sensing
-History of geology
-Regional geology guides

quarta-feira, 10 de fevereiro de 2010

History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology

History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology - Special Publication no 301
Publisher: Geological Society of London | ISBN: 1862392552 | edition 2008 | PDF | 344 pages | 13,8 mb

This book deals with various interesting aspects of the histories of geomorphology and Quaternary geology in different parts of the world. The papers cover a range of topics: the origin of the term 'Quaternary', histories of ideas and debates relating to aspects of fluvial geomorphology (USA and Australia), glacial geomorphology and glaciation (Northern Europe, the Baltic countries, Russia, Iceland, and New Zealand), desert dunes and the geology of Australia, peneplains in China, a palaeo-Tokyo Bay in Japan, together with biographies of Charles Cotton (New Zealand), Valerija Cepulyte (Lithuania) and Ceslovas Pakuckas (Lithuania and Poland) that highlight their respective contributions to the disciplines of geomorphology and Quaternary geology. There is an autobiographical contribution from E. E. Milanovsky (Russia) on his work in Siberia, the Caucasus and Iceland, illustrated by his sketches made in the field.

sábado, 6 de fevereiro de 2010

The Role of Women in the History of Geology

The Role of Women in the History of Geology: Special Publication no 281
Publisher: Geological Society of London | ISBN: 1862392277 | edition 2007 | PDF | 352 pages | 10,6 mb

Where were the women in Geology? This book is a first as it unravels the diverse roles women have played in the history and development of geology as a science predominantly in the UK, Ireland and Australia, and selectively in Germany, Russia and US. The volume covers the period from the late eighteenth century to the present day and shows how the roles that women have played changed with time. These included illustrators, museum collectors and curators, educationalists, researchers and geologists. Originally as wives, sisters or mothers many were assistants to their male relatives. This book looks at all these forgotten women and for the first time historians and scientists together explore the contribution they made to this male-dominated subject. There are individual profiles on remarkable women: Catherine Raisin, Dorothea Bate, Cuviers daughters, Grace Prestwich, Annie Greenly, Nancy Kirk, Margaret Crosfield, Ethel Skeat, Maria Ogivlie Gordon, Marie Stopes, Anne Phillips, Muriel Arber and Etheldred Bennett. Pulling together this extensive research uncovered common issues and generated emergent themes. The Editors have brought this new research together under these themes and tried to answer the question Where were the women in Geology? They go on to discuss how these role models can be applicable to todays society.